|Joan of Arc|
|Weapons||French Arming Sword, Steel Crossbow, Siege Cannon, Plate Armor|
|Activities||Driving the English out of France|
|Battle Status||Won vs. William the Conqueror|
|Experts||Claire Dodin (15th Century Weapons Expert)|
Timothy Pickes (Military Historian)
"God forgive us, we have burned a saint."
- Alleged words of an English soldier following Joan's execution
"She managed to inspire the whole army. They believed she was holy, sent to them by God."
- Claire Dodin, 15th century weapons expert
Joan of Arc, the teenaged French fighter whose battlefield heroics defeated England's superior army, and ended the Hundred Years War;
William the Conqueror, the daring and deadly French duke who crushed his English enemies and crowned himself king.
- Circa: 1429 A.D.
- Age: 17
- Height: 5'4"
- Weight: 125 lbs
The Hundreds Year War, combined with the Black Death, made the 1300s a period of death and destruction within Europe. Lasting between 1337–1453 (116 years) it is arguably the longest war ever fought (although the war did see temporary ceasefires).
England's Edward III claimed his right to the French throne in 1337. Edward and his successors waged this war against France in 3 phases and both kingdoms developed alliances and factions to summon Knights across much of Europe. Most of the war was a stalemate, but the climax of the war was during the early 1400s.
Beginning with the English victory at Battle of Agincourt on 25 October 1415, the English began their conquest of Northern France.
The English gained influence through both military conquests and politics. In 1420 the Treaty of Troyes officially declared King Henry V of England as the successor for King Charles VI of France. However the two kings died within two months of each other's deaths. While Henry VI was the official successor, a power vacuum formed. Dauphin Charles claimed his right to the throne and starting in 1422 he led the French forces for the remainder of the war.
On 17 August 1424, the Battle of Verneuil had the English crush the French forces; allowing the English to conquer Northern France.
Joan of Arc (French: Jeanne d'Arc), also known as the Maid of Orléans (circa 1412- May 30, 1431), is a national hero of France and a Catholic saint. Born in Eastern France at a time when the English and their allies controlled much of the country, she was the daughter of Jacques d'Arc; a minor nobleman, tax-collector and farmer.
Joan claimed to have experienced visions of Saint Michael the Archangel, Saint Catherine of Alexandria, and Saint Margaret of Antioch while she knelt in a field at the age of twelve. When she was sixteen, these Voices told her to drive the English out of France and bring the Dauphin (heir to the throne) to Rheims for his coronation.
After meeting the Dauphin and getting his permission to be equipped for war and placed at the head of his army, Joan turned the longstanding Anglo-French conflict into a religious war. She arrived at the siege of Orléans on April 29, 1429, and rejected the cautious strategy that French leadership had displayed in earlier campaigns. In just eight days, the French forced the English out with a series of bold attacks. Though Joan was wounded in the neck by a bolt, she returned to lead the final charge.
With the fall of Orléans, as well as the loss of Thomas Montagu (4th Earl of Salisbury), the English forces were devistated by their losses and forced to fall back for the next 24 years. In 1435, the Burgundians signed the Treaty of Arras to recognize Charles VII as King of France. On 17 July 1453, the Battle of Castillon, the English were defeated and surrendered to the French. The English returned all French territory (except for the port of Calais) as part of the peace treaty.
Joan led the French army to victory several more times over the next year, but was captured after a skirmish on May 23, 1430. Found guilty of heresy, she was executed by burning on May 30, 1431 at the age of 19. After she expired, the English raked over the coals to expose her charred body so that no one could claim she had escaped alive, then her body was burnt twice more to reduce it to ash, and was cast into the Siene. In 1456, Pope Callixtus III examined the trial, pronounced Joan innocent, and declared her a martyr. She was beatified in 1909 and canonized as a saint on May 16, 1920.
Deadliest Warrior: Legends weapons
Short Range: Arming Sword, Flanged Mace
Medium Range: Hache, Bec de Corbin
Long Range: Light Crossbow, Heavy Crossbow
Armor: Full plate, Gambeson
Joke Weapon: Witch's Broom
Finisher: Joan bumps her opponent with her sword or her mace and say "This is not my doing!" and hits her opponent dead. (P.S.: In the finale part of aftermath live, Mack explain this finisher is every woman's dream of ancient fighting.)
The battle begins with Joan knelt in prayer before William's castle with sword in hand. After making the sign of the Cross, Joan rises and rallies her troops to prepare the siege cannon. On the inside, William orders his men to prepare the Torsion Catapult. Two crossbowmen also begin to open fire, one from the ramparts and one from an arrow slit, but Joan's pavises defend her troops. Back outside, the siege cannon takes its first shot, blasting through the castle wall and killing the arrow slit soldier. Joan takes a moment to survey the damage done and calls for a reload. Meanwhile, the catapult is loaded with a large stone and fired. The stone flies to the outside and kills a retreating Frenchman.
The cannon is soon reloaded and fired again, knocking down the catapult operators and disabling the catapult. The operators help each other to their feet as Joan signals for her men to advance through the wall as the crossbowman takes another shot. The bolt is deflected by a large shield and the French crossbowman counter-fires his steel crossbow, killing the bowman atop the ramparts. Joan picks up the French banner and leads on, but another of William's men fires his crossbow from the hole at her, temporarily knocking her down. Joan's crossbowman desperately tries to reload his crossbow, but is stopped when another of William's bowmen shoots him through the eye. Joan regains herself and fires her crossbow at the Norman bowman, hitting him in the throat.
Joan's army storms through the besieged wall as William gives the order to attack. A Norman swordsman makes short work of an advancing French soldier, but Joan follows up by half-swording him through his chainmail. Joan and her remaining soldier advance on, each running up different flights of stairs. The soldier soon meets William at the top, sword and shield in hand. The lone swordsman blocks an overhead chop and manages to throw away William's shield, but William counters by striking him in the back, causing him to fall to his death from the steps into the courtyard.
Joan soon finishes coming up the other flight of stairs and begins her showdown with William. Joan's inexperience is easily countered by William's swordsmanship, but he cannot slash through her steel plate armor. As Joan slowly backs down the stairs, William rushes in. Before he can strike, Joan stabs him through the left thigh. William raises his sword again, but Joan stabs him again in the thigh, forcing him to kneel down. William tries for a backhand chop, but Joan grabs his hand and runs him through the chest. The defeated Conqueror rolls off the stairs and into the courtyard, landing next to Joan's fallen bodyguard. Joan of Arc then stands atop the stairs, raising her sword and giving a loud victory yell.
The reason why Joan won was because of her advanced technology like her siege cannon, her steel crossbow and her armor (which protected her more than and allowed her far more flexibility than Williiam's chainmail). These technological advantages are what allowed Joan to win the day.
- Joan of Arc first entered battle at age 17 and died at the age of 19, making her the youngest named warrior yet to appear on the show (and second only to the Khmer Rouge who's average age was 16). By contrast, most of the male warriors began fighting in their 20's, with William Wallace dying at the youngest age (age disputed as being 31 to 33 years old at time of death).
- Joan of Arc is also unusual in that she was a minor noble, whereas the ancient male warriors were mostly from royalty.
- At 125lb, Joan of Arc is the lightest warrior yet. This is a big contrast to William, the heaviest ancient warrior (tied with Saddam Hussein) at 215lb (a 90lb difference).
- According to some historians, Joan never actually killed anyone in combat (she herself insisted at her trial that she bore her banner to avoid killing anyone and was successful in this effort). However she was injured in combat and almost died from a crossbow bolt to the shoulder (near the neck).
- Despite being a French Catholic and an enemy of England, Joan is actually more decorated and honored in English Protestant churches than in France. The reason for this is twofold: Joan was seen as defiant of the Faith due to her being tried by a Catholic court, and she also sent letters suggesting that, if the English but restored France to her rightful ruler, even the Duke of Bedford might "come into her company" and ally with her. So while still seen as a figure in Catholicism; Protestants (Christians who reject the Catholic Pope) see her as a martyr against the tyranny of the Catholic Church.
- Both France and England used Joan in military propaganda; especially in WWI.
- The vietnamese religion of Caodaism (with 6 million followers) has Joan of Arc as a major holy figure.
- While seen as divine by religious scholars, some historians argue that Joan of Arc's 'divine visions' were fueled by mental disorders and bipolarism.
- One of the most infamous facts about Joan of Arc is about her commander-in-arms Gilles de Rais: who was found guilty of using his authority to perform serial killings against innocent children.
- Joan is the only named warrior whose historical death was shown on the show.