The Browning Automatic Rifle (BAR) is a family of automatic rifles and light machine guns developed in the United States. It was the Long-Range weapon of the French Foreign Legion.
Weight: 16 lbs (7.25 kg)
Length: 47 in (119.4 cm)
Barrel Length: 24 in (61 cm)
Cartridge: .30-06 Springfield, .303 British, 7x57mm Mauser
Action: Gas-operated, tilting breech block
Rate of Fire: 500-650 rounds/min
Muzzle Velocity: 2,822 ft/s (860 m/s)
Effective Range: 100-1,500 yd sight adjustment
Feed System: 20-round detachable box magazine
Sights: Rear leaf, front post
The Browning Automatic Rifle was initially developed during World War I, when the United States entered the conflict with an inadequately small and obsolete assortment of various domestic and foreign machine gun designs. Although it arrived late in the conflict, the BAR made an impact disproportionate to its numbers; it was extensively used during the Meuse-Argonne Offensive and made a significant impression on the Allies (France alone requested 19,000 automatic rifles to replace their notoriously unreliable Chauchat machine rifle).
Durring WW2, the rifle was one of the most widespread submachine guns. Most allied armies had 1 BAR for every 12 men. 1 man would have a sniper rifle while the rest would have rifles. However soldiers did complain about its small magazine size and high chances of jamming. When the M16 rifle was introduced for the Vietnam War, it eventually replaced the BAR.